2220 Chatham Road, Richmond, British Columbia, V7E, Canada
Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
Scotch Pond consists of a large, man-made, rectangular water body, originally a slough, and the remains of wooden boardwalk pilings which run along the south edge of the pond, both situated within Garry Point Park along the tidal flats of Sturgeon Bank in the Steveston area of Richmond.
Scotch Pond has heritage value because it is a landscape with historical associations to a number of the themes that permeate Richmond's history, including First Nations settlement, the Steveston canning and fishing industries, the Japanese boatbuilding tradition and modern fishing methods.
Originally a tidal slough, the area around Scotch Pond was the location of a year round Musqueam settlement occupied until the late 1890s, whose residents maintained a burial ground at the head of the Pond and accessed the fishing sites, clam beds, berry patches and other food plants.
Uniquely situated among the tidal flats of Sturgeon Bank at the end of a long boardwalk, the Scottish-Canadian Cannery was built by Malcolm and Windsor in 1899, taking advantage of the slough access to the Gulf of Georgia. Housing for cannery workers was constructed on pilings over the water. The cannery boardwalk was constructed in a line that followed a western extension of Chatham Street and provided land access to the cannery and its ancillary buildings which were constructed along its length. It is an early and rare example of an industrial development form which took advantage of the area's natural features.
Beginning operation in 1905, the Atagi Boatworks was located at the head of the slough, continuing the tradition of boatbuilding by skilled Japanese carpenters in Steveston. The Tsunematsu Atagi family was forced to leave the boatworks in the 1940s during internment.
After acquiring the cannery site around 1925 for use as a fishing station, the Canadian Fishing Company dredged the slough in the 1950s to create a moorage pond for their expanding fishing fleet. In keeping with the spirit of their predecessors, a group of fishermen have formed the Scotch Pond Heritage Cooperative Association to restore, maintain and manage the site as a traditional fish boat moorage.
Source: City of Richmond Clerk's Department File #4200-02.
Character defining elements of Scotch Pond include:
- The remains of the wooden pilings along the south edge of the Pond which originally supported the boardwalk connecting the Scottish Canadian Cannery to Steveston
- The Scotch Pond as it exists today, as a geometrically shaped water body connected to the Gulf of Georgia and including a small, rectangular wooden building and wooden boat docks
- The traditional use of this area for activities related to the fishing industry by the Scotch Pond Heritage Cooperative
- The setting which is comprised of the natural landscape of the Sturgeon Banks tidal flats and Garry Point
Local Governments (BC)
Local Government Act, s.967
Theme - Category and Type
- Developing Economies
- Extraction and Production
Function - Category and Type
- Food Supply
- Fisheries Site
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
City of Richmond Clerk's Department File #4200-02.
See also: City of Richmond Archives.
Cross-Reference to Collection