No. 1 Road Pumpstation
No. 1 Road, Richmond, British Columbia, V7E, Canada
Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
The No. 1 Road Pumpstation is an historic place that is representative of Richmond's city wide drainage system, and consists of below-grade pumps, drainage pipes, and a utilitarian pumphouse building. It occupies a portion of the road right-of-way at the south foot of No. 1 Road.
The No. 1 Road Pumpstation is significant because it is representative of Richmond's historic drainage system, it is symbolic of the City's relationship to the Fraser River, and it is a visual demonstration of the evolution of the technology employed to drain the land.
The building reflects the necessity, since the first settlers arrived on Lulu Island, to dyke and drain the land to make it suitable for habitation and cultivation. Historically, drainage channels were directed to the edges of the islands where floodboxes were installed to regulate water flow. These floodboxes were located at regular intervals at the ends of channels which followed the original survey grid, and later, the pattern of roads. The pumpstations that dot Richmond's landscape are a visual and technological reminder of the historic efforts taken to systematically dyke and drain the land, first individually and by hand in the late nineteenth century, and then in a more controlled fashion by Richmond's two dyking commissions using motorized dredges after 1905.
The pumpstations show patterns of human interaction with the land and act as familiar visual beacons. They also demonstrate the engineering aspects of the system by making the pumps, pipes and other equipment visible.
Source: City of Richmond Clerk's Department File #4200-02
Character defining elements of the No. 1 Road Pumpstation include:
- Its location as part of a city-wide pattern of pumpstations located around the perimeter of Lulu and Sea Islands which correspond to the city grid and mark the locations of early floodboxes
- Its historic role as the main destination for stormwater through the southwest section of Lulu Island which flows through the main drainage canal along No. 1 Road
- The utilitarian nature of the structure and the drainage pump and the visibility of the ditches, pipes and drainage pumps which replaced the early wooden floodboxes
- The relationship of the building and mechanical elements to the site, the road and the river
Local Governments (BC)
Local Government Act, s.954
Community Heritage Register
Theme - Category and Type
- Developing Economies
- Technology and Engineering
Function - Category and Type
- Water or Sewage Facility
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
City of Richmond Clerk's Department File #4200-02.
See also: City of Richmond Archives
Cross-Reference to Collection