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574 St. Francois-Xavier, Trois-Rivières, Quebec, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1991/04/18

Exterior photo; (Department of National Defence, 1989.)
Exterior photo
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Other Name(s)


Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1905/01/01 to 1906/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2006/01/23

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Armoury is prominently located in a residential neighbourhood in Trois-Rivières. It is a two-storey, functional building with a low-pitched gable roof. A large structure, clad in red brick with stone details, its form and detailing conjure up the images of a fortress through the incorporation of a crenellated turrets and troop doors. A prominent projecting frontispiece serves as the main entrance and features a tall, round-arched window, a wide troop door and flanking, crenellated towers. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.

Heritage Value

The Armoury is a Recognized Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental value.

Historical Value
The Armoury in Trois-Rivieres is closely associated with Canada’s pre-World War I armoury building campaign and the reform and expansion of the volunteer militia. The building reflects the federal government’s commitment to provide good local training facilities for the militia. The construction of the armoury at its site in Sherbrooke recognized the importance of the town as a military center and reflected its growth and prosperity.

Architectural Value
The Armoury is a very good example of the aesthetic expression typical of T.W. Fuller’s standard armoury design. The structure is evocative of a medieval fortress as evidenced in the solid brick construction, stone detailing and the monumental façade,crenellated turrets and troop doorways. The very good functional design is clearly articulated in the unobstructed interior of the large, gable-roofed drill hall achieved throught the use of Fink trusses. The flat brickwork with rough-faced stonework, as well as the stone shield at the entrance and the stacked cannonballs detail on the gable corner demonstrate the building’s very good craftsmanship and materials.

Environmental Value
The Armoury occupies a prominent corner site and is compatible with the residential character of its neighbourhood setting. It is a conspicuous and familiar building within the community.

Jacqueline Hucker, Armoury, Trois-Rivières, Quebec, Federal Heritage Buildings Review Office, Building Report, 90-274; Armoury, Trois-Rivières, Quebec, Heritage Character Statement, 90-274.

Character-Defining Elements

The character-defining elements of the Armoury should be respected.

Its very good standard plan, functional design and quality craftsmanship, for example:
-the two-storey massing with a gable roof with stepped gable ends and the flat- roofed ancillary block;
-the simulated features typical of medieval military construction that include a low prominent tower, wood troop door, crenellated three-storey turrets, and tall chimneys;
-the exterior cladding, executed in red brick with rough-faced limestone string courses, and details, including the arched voussoir over the troop doors, the stone shield, and the stacked cannonballs detail;
-the symmetrically organized facades with regularly arranged, paired two-over-two wood sash windows and the large, multi-panel circular-headed windows all of which have stone sills;
-the large, open drill hall with exposed steel trusses and extensive glazing.

The manner in which the Armoury is compatible with the residential character of its neighbourhood setting and is a familiar landmark within the community, as evidenced by:
-its scale, high standards of design and materials, which harmonize with its residential surroundings;
-its size and scale, which are conspicuous within the community which makes it a familiar building.




Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy

Recognition Type

Recognized Federal Heritage Building

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Function - Category and Type



Armoury or Drill Hall

Architect / Designer

T.W. Fuller



Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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