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3 Oakland Drive / Wright's Mills

3 Oakland Drive, Charlottetown, Île-du-Prince-Édouard, C1C, Canada

Reconnu formellement en: 1999/07/01

Showing view of Wright's Creek from the west; City of Charlottetown, Natalie Munn, 2005
3 Oakland Drive
Showing north west view adjacent to Wright's Creek where mills once were; City of Charlottetown, Natalie Munn, 2005
3 Oakland Drive
Engraving of mill buildings and view of creek; Meacham's Illustrated Historical Atlas of PEI, 1880
Wright's Mills

Autre nom(s)

3 Oakland Drive / Wright's Mills
Bird Island Creek

Liens et documents

Date(s) de construction


Inscrit au répertoire canadien: 2005/10/17

Énoncé d'importance

Description du lieu patrimonial

The Wright’s Mill site is a large parcel of land with Wright’s Creek running through it. It is located along one of the Island’s oldest roads, the St. Peters Road, in what used to be the community of East Royalty. The property is the site of the former Bird Island Creek complex, which was a small industrial area which included a mill and the Island’s first brewery. Later, the Wright’s Mill would be located on the creek, which was later renamed Wright’s Creek. All buildings associated with the Bird Island complex and the Wright’s Mill are now demolished but the site has been designated because of its association with the industrial operations that once took place there. The designation includes the site only; it does not include the building on the site.

Valeur patrimoniale

The heritage value of the Wright's Mill site lies in its association with the Bird Island Creek complex, the Wright's Mill operation and the property's value as a beautiful natural area along the St. Peter's Road.

Land agent and businessman, John Cambridge (1748-1831) and his wife, Mary Cambridge (d.1832) came to Prince Edward Island in 1784. They would go on to build successful businesses, which included a brewery, mills and a shipbuilding operation. Their son in law, Hon. George Wright (1779-1842) went into business with the Cambridge family in 1808 and was put in charge of the brewery at Bird Island Creek. The brewery was the first on Prince Edward Island. According to letters written by Mary Cambridge, Wright did not appear to have the business sense of the Cambridge family and the brewery was plagued with difficulties. Finally, in 1813, the Cambridge and Wright business partnership was formally dissolved and the complex was given to Wright and his wife, Phoebe (1780-1851).

Unfortunately, fire struck the buildings at Bird Island Creek on 12 November 1827. A fire had started in a drying kiln and destroyed the entire operation that by this time included a gristmill, barley mill, sawmill and distillery. The business was uninsured and Wright lost an estimated £1500. He would rebuild only some of his business. The land stayed in the Wright family for many years afterward and they ran a carding and gristmill from the property. A mill operated there until the 1940s when the owner, who was concerned over liability, demolished the buildings. Today, the creek that runs through the area is named Wright’s Creek in honour of the family that lived there for so many years.

Hon. George Wright was not only involved in business but was a farmer, a colonel in the Militia, and served in a number of important offices. Some of the offices he held included: Administrator of Prince Edward Island, Member of the Legislative Council, Surveyor General, Judge and High Sheriff. His nearby family home, Belmont, which was part of his large farm, remains a fine example of early Regency architecture.

The area at 3 Oakland Drive was originally within the boundaries of the Charlottetown Royalty and later the community of East Royalty, however it became part of the City of Charlottetown in 1995 when the surrounding communities amalgamated with the City. The site is well known for its beauty and at one time was a popular fishing place. The tree lined former millpond is still visible from the St. Peters Road. An important historic site; it calls to mind the Island’s industrial past.

Heritage Office, City of Charlottetown Planning Department, PO Box 98, Charlottetown, PE C1A 7K2

Éléments caractéristiques

The following character-defining elements illustrate the heritage value of 3 Oakland Drive:

- Wright’s Creek running through the landscape
- The trees that line three sides of the creek
- The unobstructed view of the mill pond from the St. Peters Road
- The undeveloped landscape




Autorité de reconnaissance

Ville de Charlottetown

Loi habilitante

City of Charlottetown Zoning and Development Bylaw

Type de reconnaissance

Ressource patrimoniale

Date de reconnaissance


Données sur l'histoire

Date(s) importantes


Thème - catégorie et type

Économies en développement
Exploitation et production

Catégorie de fonction / Type de fonction


Élément naturel


Centre de production d'aliments et de boissons

Architecte / Concepteur




Informations supplémentaires

Emplacement de la documentation

Heritage Office, City of Charlottetown Planning Department, PO Box 98, Charlottetown, PE C1A 7K2 #1215

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Identificateur féd./prov./terr.




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