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Quaker Whaler House

57 - 59 Ochterloney Street, Dartmouth, Nouvelle-Écosse, B2Y, Canada

Reconnu formellement en: 1981/11/20

Quaker Whaler House, Dartmouth, NS, 2004.; HRM Planning and Development, Heritage Property Programm 2004
Front Elevation
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Autre nom(s)

Quaker Whaler House
Jackson House

Liens et documents

Date(s) de construction

1786/01/01 à 1786/12/31

Inscrit au répertoire canadien: 2005/06/10

Énoncé d'importance

Description du lieu patrimonial

The Quaker Whaler House is a two-and-a-half storey, wood frame building with a gabled roof, closely related in style to the early houses of Nantucket Island, Massachusetts. The house is located in a busy area of Downtown Dartmouth, NS, not far from the Dartmouth side of the Halifax Harbour. Originally the roof was salt-box in form, but an addition accounts for the current gable roof. The heritage designation applies to the building and its surrounding land. Today the Quaker Whaler House is operated by the Dartmouth Heritage Museum and is open to the public during the summer months.

Valeur patrimoniale

The Quaker Whaler House is valued for its association with William Ray, a Quaker and cooper from Nantucket. Ray and his family moved to Dartmouth in 1785-86 from Nantucket after the American Revolution to avoid heavy tariffs imposed upon the whaling industry by Britain. As a cooper he serviced the local whaling industry operated by other Quaker families who moved to Dartmouth from Nantucket. William Ray purchased a large plot of land in Dartmouth where he built his home, which is known as the Quaker Whaler House. Approximately 300 Quakers departed from Halifax in 1791 when British authorities removed them to Milford Haven in South Wales. In 1849 the house was purchased by George Jackson, a local shipwright, whose family owned the property until 1971 when it was purchased by the former City of Dartmouth and operated as a museum.

Valued for its materials and construction methods, the house closely resembles Quaker architecture in Nantucket. The asymmetrical facade design and stone foundation are also characteristic of the Nantucket style of architecture. The building interior has a massive central chimney, narrow stairwells, and large rooms for designed for working and cooking; all of which reflect its practical and functional design.

The house is documented as the oldest building in Dartmouth and one of the oldest in Halifax Regional Municipality. As such, it holds an important place in local architectural history. The Quaker Whaler House is located in the middle of a streetscape with buildings of similar scale, style, and materials.

Source: A Preliminary Investigation of the Dartmouth Quaker House. Brown, Wayde. Heritage Inventory Co-ordinator, Dartmouth Heritage Advisory Committee found in Heritage file 57-59 Ochterloney Street at HRM Planning and Development Services.

Éléments caractéristiques

Character-defining elements of the Quaker Whaler House include:

- heavy timber framing, with double beams running along the centre of the building;
- wood shingled cladding and plain corner board trim;
- two and a half storeys, with gable roof;
- asymmetrical facade with six-over-six wooden windows and off-centre door;
- original stone foundation;
- remaining interior features which are evidence of the Quaker Whalers including the fireplaces, doorways, and narrow staircases;
- historic side addition with slight bellcast roof.




Autorité de reconnaissance

Administrations locales (N.-É.)

Loi habilitante

Heritage Property Act

Type de reconnaissance

Bien inscrit au répertoire municipal

Date de reconnaissance


Données sur l'histoire

Date(s) importantes


Thème - catégorie et type

Économies en développement
Exploitation et production
Un territoire à peupler
Les établissements

Catégorie de fonction / Type de fonction




Logement unifamilial

Architecte / Concepteur




Informations supplémentaires

Emplacement de la documentation

HRM Planning and Development Service, 6960 Mumford Road, Halifax, NS B3L 4P1

Réfère à une collection

Identificateur féd./prov./terr.




Inscriptions associées



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