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Buffalo Effigy

Happy Valley RM 10, Saskatchewan, S0H, Canada

Reconnu formellement en: 1999/06/14

View of rock outline in form of a bison, 1992.; Government of Saskatchewan, Frank Korvemaker, 1992.
Buffalo Effigy
Plan drawing of bison effigy, including rocks that represent internal organs..; Government of Saskatchewan, 1964.
Buffalo Effigy - Plan View
Pas d'image

Autre nom(s)

Buffalo Effigy
Big Beaver Buffalo Effigy
Archaeological Site DgNh-3

Liens et documents

Date(s) de construction

Inscrit au répertoire canadien: 2005/01/17

Énoncé d'importance

Description du lieu patrimonial

The Buffalo Effigy site is a Municipal Heritage Property encompassing 64 hectares of land overlooking West Beaver Creek near the United States border and the Big Beaver Port of Entry. The property’s main features include a bison figure outlined in fieldstones, a rock cairn and at least eight stone rings.

Valeur patrimoniale

The Buffalo Effigy speaks to the important role of bison in precontact First Nations culture. The site, believed to contain the only bison figure constructed of fieldstone in Canada, expresses the deep spiritual significance attached to the relationship between humans and the animals that provided so many of life's necessities. The site continues to be venerated and used as a ceremonial site by First Nations.

The site is also valued as an important expression of time and place for the local rural community. The area's residents strongly identify with an historic tableau that includes the buffalo effigy, other precontact sites, and sites related to the settlement era. The local people have a very strong sense of pride in these historic resources, which they see as giving their community its distinctive character.


Rural Municipality of Happy Valley No. 10 Bylaw No. 2-99.

Éléments caractéristiques

The heritage value of the Buffalo Effigy site resides in the following character-defining elements:
-the site in its defined boundaries on an undisturbed hilltop;
-the buffalo figure, stone rings and cairns or other archaeological features in their original locations;
-precontact artifacts, especially those in an undisturbed context;
-the site's unobstructed vistas of the surrounding countryside;
-use of the site by First Nations for traditional ceremonial purposes;
-use of the site by community residents for educational, leisure and tourism purposes.




Autorité de reconnaissance

Administrations locales (Sask.)

Loi habilitante

Heritage Property Act, alinéa 11(1)(a)

Type de reconnaissance

Bien patrimonial municipal

Date de reconnaissance


Données sur l'histoire

Date(s) importantes


Thème - catégorie et type

Un territoire à peupler
Les premiers habitants du Canada

Catégorie de fonction / Type de fonction




Religion, rituel et funéraille
Lieu sacré autochtone

Architecte / Concepteur




Informations supplémentaires

Emplacement de la documentation

Department of Culture Youth and Recreation Heritage Resources Branch 1919 Saskatchewan Drive Regina, SK File: MHP 2001

Réfère à une collection

Identificateur féd./prov./terr.

MHP 2001



Inscriptions associées



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