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E & N Roundhouse

251-253 Esquimalt Road, Victoria, Colombie-Britannique, V9A, Canada

Reconnu formellement en: 2004/03/11

View of the locomotive turntable, E&N Roundhouse, 2004.; City of Victoria, Steve Barber, 2004.
Locomotive turntable
Aerial view of the E&N Roundhouse, 2004.; City of Victoria, Steve Barber, 2004.
Aerial view from the east.
Exterior view of the car shop, E&N Roundhouse, 2004.; City of Victoria, Steve Barber, 2004.
northeast elevation

Autre nom(s)

E & N Roundhouse
Esquimalt & Nanaimo Railway Roundhouse
Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway Roundhouse and Associated Out Buildings

Liens et documents

Date(s) de construction


Inscrit au répertoire canadien: 2004/10/01

Énoncé d'importance

Description du lieu patrimonial

The Esquimalt and Nanaimo Roundhouse is comprised of a collection of brick and wood industrial buildings, and a locomotive turntable, on Esquimalt Road in Victoria West.

Valeur patrimoniale

The Esquimalt and Nanaimo (E&N) Railway Roundhouse is valued as one of the finest, and most intact examples of industrial heritage railway architecture in British Columbia. Constructed in 1912, this rare integrated assemblage of buildings and functional features provide valuable insight into the primary roles of industry and the railway in the burgeoning period of economic prosperity before the First World War. The E&N - originally built and operated by the wealthy Dunsmuir family - was a local extension of the transcontinental railway, which had unified Canada's western provinces and promoted confederation of the country. As the maintenance centre for the E&N Railway line - which significantly influenced local industrial and commercial growth - this Roundhouse site played an integral role in the facilitation of twentieth century development and economic prosperity on Vancouver Island.

The physical value of this place resides in the understated detailing and the utilitarian forms of the brick and wood purpose-built architecture, and the relationship between the buildings and mechanical facilities such as the locomotive turntable, and nearby rail lines.

Source: City of Victoria Planning and Development Department

Éléments caractéristiques

The character-defining elements of the E&N Roundhouse include:
- the situation of the buildings on the site, and the relationship of buildings such as the roundhouse, the machine shop, the car shops, and the stores building, with the locomotive turntable, and the nearby railway lines;
-the utilitarian industrial, purpose-built forms of the buildings, such as the semi-circular shape of the roundhouse, and the gable roofed shape of the stores building;
-the brick and wood elements of the buildings, such as masonry walls, timber framing, and wooden doors, and the patina of industrial use evident on these elements;
-the simple Romanesque architectural detailing such as rounded windows and doors, exterior pilasters, and understated cornices;
-the fenestration detailing, such as treble-sash twelve-over-twelve-over-twelve windows, arranged in ranks to allow maximum amounts of natural light to permeate internal spaces.




Autorité de reconnaissance

Administrations locales (C.-B.)

Loi habilitante

Local Government Act, art.967

Type de reconnaissance

Désignation patrimoniale

Date de reconnaissance


Données sur l'histoire

Date(s) importantes


Thème - catégorie et type

Économies en développement
Technologie et ingénierie

Catégorie de fonction / Type de fonction



Transport ferroviaire
Gare ou autre installation ferroviaire

Architecte / Concepteur




Informations supplémentaires

Emplacement de la documentation

City of Victoria Planning and Development Department.

Réfère à une collection

Identificateur féd./prov./terr.




Inscriptions associées

General view

Lieu historique national du Canada de la Rotonde du chemin de fer Esquimalt and Nanaimo

Conçue en 1912 et achevée en octobre 1913, la rotonde du chemin de fer Esquimalt et Nanaimo est située à Victoria en Colombie-Britannique. Le lieu est constitué de trois sections…


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