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Bank of Montreal, Government Street Branch

1200 Government Street, Victoria, Colombie-Britannique, V8W, Canada

Reconnu formellement en: 1975/11/27

Exterior view of the Bank of Montreal; City of Victoria, Berdine Jonker, 2004.
East elevation
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Autre nom(s)


Liens et documents

Date(s) de construction


Inscrit au répertoire canadien: 2004/08/17

Énoncé d'importance

Description du lieu patrimonial

The Bank of Montreal is a four-storey Chateau Style building on a corner lot on Government Street and Bastion Square.

Valeur patrimoniale

The Bank of Montreal is a significant example of the stylistic evolution of one of British Columbia's most prominent architects, Francis Mawson Rattenbury. Rattenbury's relationship with the Bank of Montreal - which was the primary sponsor of the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) - is significant; the specifications of this Quebec-based bank considerably influenced his architectural style at the end of the nineteenth century. Notably, the 1896 Bank of Montreal is Rattenbury's first work in the Chateau Style, Canada's signature architectural language which became predominant in his subsequent work across the country as the CPR's principal architect.

The value of this building lies in its distinctive architecture styling conducted in such local building materials as stone from Haddington and Nelson Islands. The distinctive asymmetrical massing, steeply pitched hipped roof, castle-like appearance and stone cladding are unique amongst Victoria's commercial and institutional architecture, and create a significant west coast landmark representative of one of Canada's leading nineteenth century banking houses. Constructed with the most advance building technology of its day - a combination of steel and concrete structural elements - it is notable that this building stands with a complete elimination of wood from its essential construction components. Additionally, the location of this building is significant, as it reflects the early grandeur of Government Street as the first major commercial and financial artery of the city, and it is a significant landmark at the western end of View Street.

Source: City of Victoria Planning and Development Department

Éléments caractéristiques

The character-defining elements of the Bank of Montreal building include:
- the prominent location and building entrance on the corner of Government Street and Bastion Square;
- the unimpeded view of the building from View Street;
- the castle-like asymmetrical form and massing;
- Chateau Style details such as the steeply sloped hipped slate roof, the crenellated cornices, the truncated turret, the gargoyles, and the alternating bands of rusticated and ashlar masonry;
- the lack of wood structural elements, and the prominence of local building materials such as granite and Haddington and Nelson Island stone
- interior spatial configurations relevant to Rattenbury's original design, such as the open floor plan of the ground floor banking hall.




Autorité de reconnaissance

Administrations locales (C.-B.)

Loi habilitante

Local Government Act, art.967

Type de reconnaissance

Désignation patrimoniale

Date de reconnaissance


Données sur l'histoire

Date(s) importantes


Thème - catégorie et type

Économies en développement
Commerce et affaires
Exprimer la vie intellectuelle et culturelle
L'architecture et l'aménagement

Catégorie de fonction / Type de fonction


Commerce / Services commerciaux
Bureau ou édifice à bureaux


Commerce / Services commerciaux
Banque ou bourse

Architecte / Concepteur

Francis Mawson Rattenbury


Richard Drake

Informations supplémentaires

Emplacement de la documentation

City of Victoria Planning and Development Department

Réfère à une collection

Identificateur féd./prov./terr.




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