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Victoria Park Square

65, Market Street, City of Brantford, Ontario, N3S, Canada

Reconnu formellement en: 1986/09/22

Plan featuring the Union Jack layout, and bordering streets, 2005.; Department of Planning, City of Brantford, 2005.
Plan of Victoria Park Square
Memorial featuring Brant and figures representing the Six Nations, 2005.; Department of Planning, City of Brantford, 2005.
Joseph Brant Memorial in Victoria Park Square
Victoria Park Square featuring one path that forms the Union Jack, 2005.; Department of Planning, City of Brantford, 2005.
Victoria Park Square

Autre nom(s)

Victoria Park Square
65 Market Street

Liens et documents

Date(s) de construction


Inscrit au répertoire canadien: 2008/09/03

Énoncé d'importance

Description du lieu patrimonial

Victoria Park Square, located at 65 Market Street is bordered by Wellington Street to the north, Darling Street to the south, Market Street to the west, and George Street to the east, in the City of Brantford. This park was designed in the Victorian Formal Park style by architect John Turner and was landscaped in 1861.
The property was designated by the City of Brantford for its historic and architectural significance under Part IV of the Ontario Heritage Act (Bylaw 164-86).

Valeur patrimoniale

Victoria Park Square was first laid out as a park in Lewis Burwell's original Town Plan of 1830. In 1861, it was landscaped based on plans by John Turner. Turner's plans, in keeping with Upper Canada's link to Britain, were based on the configuration of the Union Jack, with four paths intersecting at the centre of the park. Three buildings designed by Turner overlook the park: St. Andrew's United Church (1859); Brant Community Church (1883); and his most significant building, the Brant County Court House (1852). Victoria Park Square is a gathering place for local citizens. At the turn of the century, when Brantford was a well-developed industrial town and the hub of regional trade, the park was frequently used as an informal meeting place and a centre for leisure activities. Its busiest times were in the evenings and on Sundays reflecting the era when key time was available, to the working class. The square was intimately connected to the adjacent churches, as the congregations would linger after services, or gather to enjoy church sponsored activities.

Victoria Park Square houses two significant structures: an elaborate drinking fountain and a monument to Captain Joseph Thayendanega Brant. The drinking fountain is made of granite and was donated, in 1892, by A. Harris, Son and Co. The fountain represents a tangible historic link between the city and its corporate citizens. Located at the centre of the park, the Joseph Brant Memorial, after whom the city is named, was designed by Percy Wood and was unveiled in 1886. The monument features a colossal statue of Brant; two groups of three life sized figures, which represent the Mohawks, Oneidas, Onondagas, Cayugas, Senecas, and Tuscaroras; and four panels which depict totems of the Six Nations. Each statue is cast in bronze, while the pedestal is grey granite from Cornwall, England. This statue is the central focus of the park.

Sources: City of Brantford By-Law 164-86;Victoria Park Square Brochure, City of Brantford.

Éléments caractéristiques

Character defining elements that contribute to the heritage value of Victoria Park Square include its:
- shape and size, laid out as the Union Jack
- elaborate granite drinking fountain
- Joseph Brant Memorial, including the bronze casts of Brant, the Six Nations, and four totems
- proximity to the adjacent local churches
- its proximity to the Victoria Park Square Heritage Conservation District.




Autorité de reconnaissance

Administrations locales (Ont.)

Loi habilitante

Loi sur le patrimoine de l'Ontario

Type de reconnaissance

Désignation du patrimoine municipal (partie IV)

Date de reconnaissance


Données sur l'histoire

Date(s) importantes

1892/01/01 à 1892/01/01
1986/01/01 à 1986/01/01
1886/01/01 à 1886/01/01

Thème - catégorie et type

Exprimer la vie intellectuelle et culturelle
Les sports et les loisirs

Catégorie de fonction / Type de fonction




Architecte / Concepteur

John Turner



Informations supplémentaires

Emplacement de la documentation

City of Brantford 100 Wellington Square, Brantford, ON N3T 5R7

Réfère à une collection

Identificateur féd./prov./terr.




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